Ashraf Ghani and rival Abdullah Abdullah sign power-sharing agreement

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah on Sunday (May 17) signed a power-sharing agreement after several months of an electoral battle that threw the country into political crisis.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah on Sunday signed a power-sharing agreement after months of feuds, a spokesman for the president said.

“Dr. Abdullah will lead the National Reconciliation Commission and members of his team will be part of the cabinet,” Ghani spokesman Sediq Sediqqi wrote on Twitter.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg officially welcomed the power-sharing agreement signed between the two rival leaders and urged them to continue their efforts for peace.

“I welcome the decision by Afghan political leaders to resolve their differences and form an inclusive government,” JensStoltenberg said.

Political crisis

In this country plagued by violence and aggravation of the coronavirus pandemic, AshrafGhani and Abdullah Abdullah declared themselves as presidents on the same day and two competing presidential ceremonies took place on March 9. President Abdullah Abdullah, who came in second place, has repeatedly questioned the results of the presidential election.

The scenario recalled the worst moments of the 2014 election, which the same two protagonists also claimed to have won.

The final results of the presidential election, organized in September, were first announced in February, in particular because of the candidates’ application for 16,500 irregularities complaints.

Ashraf Ghani received 50.64% of the 1.8 million votes considered. Abdullah Abdullah, who won only 39.52% of the vote, called the results “national stockpile”.

“The situation in Afghanistan is uncertain”

According to Abdullah’s spokesman, Abdullah, the agreement stipulates that he get half the cabinet and the services of provincial governors.

The goal is to achieve “the ultimate goal of the Afghan people, that is, peace,” he added, adding that the implementation of the agreement would be overseen by national figures.

“The situation in Afghanistan is uncertain,” he said, “we must maintain our unity and violations can lead to an even deeper crisis.”

Photos released by the Presidential Palace show Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani sitting side by side for a signing ceremony, surrounded by Afghan people including former President Hamid Karzai.

“Despite the end of this political crisis, the road to peace is probably long”

American pressure

Former Executive No. 2 during a previous power-sharing agreement with AshrafGhani, a former World Bank economist recognized by the international community, Abdullah Abdullah lost his post following his defeat against the head of state in the September presidential election.

The United States then lobbied to resolve this crisis so that they could begin negotiations between Kabul and the Taliban, even announcing the immediate reduction of a billion dollars in aid to Afghanistan, a serious threat to this poor country. with a GDP of just $ 20 billion.

AbdullahAbdullah leads future Taliban talks

1your In May 2020, Abdullah Abdullah announced an “interim agreement” with Ashraf Ghani. Sunday’s agreement could therefore help Afghanistan free itself from this political impasse.

“What is expected now is that these leaders will solve the problems facing Afghanistan, such as the coronavirus and peace talks with the Taliban,” Sayed Nasir Musawi, a political analyst in Kabul, told AFP.

The deal places Abdullah Abdullah at the forefront of these future talks with the Taliban, which already signed a historic agreement with Washington on February 29, paving the way for the withdrawal of foreign forces from the country after nearly 19 years of war.

The rebels, in return, promised not to attack the foreign forces. But the fighting continued to rage between the Taliban and the Afghan forces.

The unprecedented direct peace talks between the uprising and the Afghan government, which were supposed to start more than two months ago, have so far failed.

Last week, the massacre at Kabul Ashraf Ghani meeting hospital prompted the resumption of offensive operations against the Taliban. The latter denied any responsibility in this attack, for which Washington accused the Islamic State jihadist group.

With AFP