The 20th century demonstrated three divergent Russia to the world: the Tsarist Russia, the Soviet Russia and the Russian Federation.

Although some variances in regional and politically, Russia has always been and named a prodigious power in world politics. Russia and the African states have had relations for more than a century. The assertive centric contact to Africa which started with Ethiopia in Tsarist Russia period continued in the Cold War years, the Soviet Union was the sociopolitical and ideological role model, ally, partner and supporter for many African states looking for autonomy and freedom against the Western colonialist states while Somalia was part of that scenario.

Shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia qualified an era of dramatic political transform and uncertainty in the worldwide policy area. A country that was once a superpower in a bipolar world began to advance a misgiving its place in the global system. The end of the USSR left Russia in a state of economic, political, and social confusion, marked by deteriorating eco The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union have disturbed the ties of Russia with Africa continent. After the protracted era of economic trouble and decline, at the beginning of the 2000’s, the nation rematerialized as a global powerful imminent force.

It contributes to BRICS and Shanghai Five of rapidly developing nations which projected to occupy the major places in the world economy of the new century. The years of Vladimir Putin’s presidency stretches a clear idea about Russia’s repetition as a global power with interests across the world anomic yield and increasing inflation, foreign obligation, and budget shortages.

Since the end of the Cold War and particularly over the past decade Africa’s status in the transnational geopolitical order has risen noticeably. Also, the Horn of Africa remains one of the world’s most conflicted regions which still to struggle with conflict, hunger, poverty, and increasing instability and inequalities. In contrast, the region has a dynamic, young and entrepreneurial population and plenty of natural resources.

The region has more than its share of conflict causes a unique challenge for foreign investments. Still, Russia does not regard the Horn of Africa as a top geopolitical strategic region and has demonstrated minimal high level interest in Africa. However, by its latest military campaigns in Ukraine and Syria, also relations with US and China, Russia still continues to rebuild its role as a boundless power in global policies.

The Horn of Africa, from Suez Canal to Gulf of Aden, was one of the strategic region made Tsarist Russia and Soviet Union great or super power during their eternities. The last decade has perceived Russia’s powerful return to the intercontinental and global area under Putin’s administration. Russia today is absolutely comfortable and more stable than it was at any point during the 1990s. Consequently, we can say that Russia will adjust the point of view over the Horn of Africa, in terms of to accomplish its objective to become a superpower again in the immediate future.

Somalia is another opportunity with its geopolitical position for Russia to gain old impact in the Horn of Africa. Somalia was a long standing Soviet ally as it had a Marxist-Leninist government for much of the Cold War.

Today, there is neither ideological nor cultural similarity between these ex-allied states. Somalia, with its unexploited oil, gas, uranium, other mineral resources, and sustained instability, is the miniature of the region and in need of a strategic partner to help rebuild the state in every sense of the word; as much as Somalia needs Russian assistance to reinforce the Somali military’s ability in the fight against conglomerate terror group based in East Africa and to see Russia’s support in developing the country’s economy.

Reviewing back the previous profound relations between Somalia and Russia, we can simply say, Russia is set to consider military cooperation to help Somalia battle terrorism in the antagonistic region.  While Syria has been a focal point of Russia’s anti-ISIS determinations in recent months, Somalis’ demand and ultimatum might change Somalia to future playhouse of Russia’s anti-ISIS campaign with other players.

Of course, indirect or direct Russian military and economic support to the Somali government can create an extremely positive atmosphere for regional security. It may also fortify Moscow’s superpower status as a leader in combating terrorism besides struggle against ISIS in Syria.

On the other hand; after president Erdoğan’s apology letter in order to renewing and treating the offended relations by the downing of a Russian jet or plane by two Turkish F-16s near the border with Syria in November 2015. Russia’s response in the first hours after the July 2016 coup attempt, and assassination to Russia’s Ankara Ambassador Karlov in 19 December 2016, evidently has produced and shaped positive results in Turkish-Russian relations along with armistice in Syria.


It is known by international community, Turkey has given a weighty or an important economic and military support to Somalia. Turkey’s first military training center abroad in foreign state will also be a significant and imperative  base to provide military training to all of Africa and it will probably expand Turkey’s influence over the region.  Still, Djibouti embassy represents Russia in Somalia alongside, and we can easily say that Russia has no influence and impact in Somalia both philosophical and fleshly political availability.

In order to sum up; as relations between Russia and Turkey remain pretty good, Turkey might help Somalia to advance and tie relations with Russia on security and economic collaboration. Growing Russian military and economic wires and supports to Somalia may generate and create momentous security and status compensations and advantages.

Russia’s military and economic support to Somalia not only can play an influential role in reinstating peace and stability to the Horn of Africa but also will strengthen and reinforce the claim and privilege that Russia is the expanding, raising and intensifying power again.


Ahmed Sheikh Abdullahi (Maadka) is a PhD Researcher, He can be reached at