Structural Impediments To Reviving Somalia’s Security Forces

For over a decade, successive Somali governments and the international community have been earnestly trying to revive Somalia’s security forces (SSF)1 as part of a broader effort to stabilize the country following the collapse of the state in 1991.

Billions of dollars were spent on training and equipping tens of thousands of military, police, and intelligence personnel so that they could stabilize their country and liberate from the grip of the militant group al-Shabaab and enforce the rule of law.

Nearly 15 years later, neither of the two objectives is fully realized, and the country’s security forces remain perpetually weak, deeply fractured, and increasingly politicized.

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