Sudan and Israel on Friday agreed to normalize relations in a US brokerage firm to end decades of hostility that was widely welcomed but which provoked Palestinian anger.
The announcement makes Sudan, technically at war with Israel since its founding in 1948, the fifth Arab country to have established diplomatic relations with the Jewish state.
Here is an example of the international reaction:
“Huge victory today for the United States and for world peace,” tweeted US President Donald Trump, who is facing an election on November 3, following in the polls.
“Sudan has agreed a peace and normalization agreement with Israel! With the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, THREE Arab countries have done so in just a few weeks. More will follow!”
Germany welcomed the agreement as a boost to stability in the Middle East and praised the US role in communicating it.
“Following Israel’s normalization agreements with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, this is another important step towards greater stability and a more peaceful relationship between Israel and its Arab neighbors,” the Foreign Ministry said.
“The United States has played a crucial role in communicating these agreements, for which it deserves thanks and recognition.”
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, a close US ally whose country in 1979 became the first Arab state to make peace with Israel, quickly hailed the deal.
“I welcome the joint efforts of the United States, Sudan and Israel to normalize relations between Sudan and Israel,” Sisi said on Twitter.
“I value all efforts aimed at achieving regional stability and peace.”
Palestinian leaders strongly condemned the deal and reiterated their rejection of Israel’s normalization agreements with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, which were signed in Washington last month.
“The State of Palestine today expressed its condemnation and rejection of the agreement to normalize ties with the Israeli-occupied country, which is handing over Palestinian land,” President Mahmoud Abbas’ office said in a statement.
“No one has the right to speak on behalf of the Palestinian people and the Palestinian cause,” it said.
The Islamist movement Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, said the deal was a “political sin” that only benefited the Israeli prime minister.
The agreement “harms our Palestinian people and their just cause and even harms Sudanese national interests,” it said in a statement.
“It only benefits (Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu.”
Israel’s agreements with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates broke with the long-standing Arab policy regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and were condemned by the Palestinians as a “betrayal”.
The United Arab Emirates, which signed a normalization agreement with Israel in September, welcomed Sudan’s decision to also establish relations as “historic”.
“Sudan’s decision to establish relations with the state of Israel is an important step in strengthening security and prosperity in the region,” the official WAM news agency said, referring to the Foreign Ministry.
“This achievement aims to extend the scope of economic, trade, scientific and diplomatic cooperation.”
Bahrain, which accompanied the UAE in concluding a normalization agreement with Israel, praised the agreement between Sudan and Israel.
It underlined the kingdom’s support for Sudan’s efforts “to play an active and constructive role in the international community,” a statement from the Foreign Ministry said.
Iran, which has been a strong supporter of the Palestinian cause since the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and remains on the US blacklist of state sponsors of terrorism, said Sudan had paid a “shameful” price for being removed from the “fake” blacklist .
“Pay enough ransom, close your eyes to the crimes against Palestinians, and you will be removed from the so-called ‘terrorism’ blacklist. Of course, the list is as false as the American fight against terrorism. Shameful!” said its foreign ministry.